Macular Degeneration is damage or breakdown of the macula of the eye. The macula is a small area at the back of the eye that allows us to see fine details clearly.
When the macula doesn't function correctly, we experience blurring or darkness in the center of our vision.
Macular degeneration affects both distance and close vision, and can make some activities--like threading a needle or reading--difficult or impossible.
Although macular degeneration reduces vision in the central part of the retina, it does not affect the eye's side (or peripheral vision). For example, you could see the outline of a clock but not be able to tell what time it is.
Macular degeneration alone does not result in total blindness. People continue to have some useful vision and are able to take care of themselves.